Mexico, a country located in the Southern North America, is one of the chief economic and political forces in Latin America. It has the world's largest population for Spanish speakers. It has the total population of about 130,564,188. Mexico is located in a part of the Ring of Fire, and among its volcanoes, Citlaltépetl is the highest point of the country at 18,406 feet.

Map of Mexico

Government and Political situation

The current government of Mexico is a federation whose government is representative, democratic and republican based on a presidential system according to the 1917 Constitution. The constitution includes the federal Union, the state governments and the municipal governments. The bicameral Congress of the Union, made of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies, makes federal law, declares war, imposes taxes, approves the national budget and international treaties, and ratifies diplomatic appointments. The Executive, is the President of the United Mexican States, who is the head of state and government, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Mexican military forces. The President also appoints the Cabinet and other officers. The President is responsible for executing and enforcing the law, and has the authority of vetoing bill.

The current president of Mexico,

Andrés Manuel López Obrador

Natural Resources and Economy

Mexico embodies natural resources such as gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, natural gas, and petroleum since Mexico has a history of mining for 500 years. Mexico is the ninth-largest economy in the world. Its main industries are food, beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durable, and tourism. Mexico is also known for its oil porter (it is the world's eighth largest porter). It produces approximate 3.5 million barrels of oil per day.


Throughout Mexico culture, one of its most known traditions are folk dancing. The Jarabe Tapatio (Mexican Hat Dance) is one of the iconic dances of Mexico. Festivals and fiestas are known all over Mexico, which even the smallest villages also celebrates! Some of the examples of holidays Mexicans throughout Mexico celebrates are Day of the Dead, Independence Day, Guelaguetza Festival, and much more.

The famous folk dance, The Jarabe Tapatio

Famous Landmarks in Mexico

Chichén Itzá is one of the famous landmarks in Mexico, it is build by the Maya people from the Terminal Classic period.

Xcarlet park is also one of the most known landmarks visited by tourists. It is a water park, opened in 1990, located in the Maya jungle among the underground rivers cenotes and facing the Caribbean sea.

The Palacio de Bellas Artes, built in the late 19th century is a prominent cultural center in Mexico City. It hosts operas, dancing, literature, etc.