Nigeria

location: west Africa

capital city:Abuja

population: 195.9 million

language: The official language of Nigeria is English, but it is spoken frequently in low educated areas. Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulfulde, Ibibio, and Kanuri are all used in Nigeria.

religion: The main religions in Nigeria are Islam and Christianity, but traditional African religion has not been forgotten. Especially the Yoruba ethnic group.

Some famous landmarks in Nigeria

The Zuma rock (Abuja)

Nigeria's National Mosque

Nigeria is located at west Africa. It occupies an area of 923,768 sq. km, which is more than twice the size of the state of California. Nigeria is bordered by the north east of Chad and the east of Cameroon, by the Atlantic ocean on the south. Nigeria's capital city, Abuja, is located in the center of the country.

Freedom house score in Nigeria

The president of Nigeria: Muhammadu Buhari

Muhammadu Buhari, a Nigerian politician who has been president since 2015. Buhari is a retired general of the Nigerian army and served as military head of state from 1983 to 1985. Buhari has said that he takes responsibility for anything over which he presided during his military rule, and that he cannot change the past. He has described himself as a "converted democrat". Also, this was the first time in the history of Nigeria that an incumbent president lost a general election.

Government

There are two tires of government in Nigeria, state and local. Nigeria is also divided in to 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the country's capital, Abuja is located. the country was divided into three regions: Northern, Eastern, and Western. The Mid-West region was created out of the Western region in 1963. In 1967, Yakubu Gowon, the military leader, turned the regions into 12 states: 6 in the north, 3 in the east, and 3 in the west.

Political process and parties: All citizens should reach the age of 18 to vote.The Action Group (AG) and the Northern People's Congress(NPC) were the major Nigerian parties when the country became independent in 1960. The AG represents the west and the NPC represents the north.

Money in Nigeria

Economy

The Nigerian economy is one of the biggest one in Africa.Since the late 1960s it has been focused on oil production. A series of world oil price increases from 1973 produced rapid economic growth in transportation, construction, manufacturing, and government services. Because this made rural people move into the larger urban centers, agricultural production is at a standstill to such an level that cash crops such as palm oil, peanuts (groundnuts), and cotton were no longer significant export goods.

Natural resources

The main natural resources in Nigeria are:

  • Bitumen (found in Lagos, Edo, Ondo, Ogun)
  • coal (found in Ondo, Enugu)
  • oil and natural gas (found in Akwa Ibom, Abia, Bayelsa, Edo)
  • gold (found in Edo, Ebonyi, Kaduna, Ijesha, Oyo )
  • iron ore (found in Benue, Anambra, Kogi State, Kwara )
  • tin (found in Jos, Bauchi )

Pounded yam

One of Nigeria’s most popular dishes that can be served with a variety of soups like Egusi, Ogbono, Vegetable and Okro soup.

Efo Riro

A mix of pumpkin green leaves, meat, like chicken and offal or smoked fish.

Suya

A very popular delicacy in Nigeria. Conventionally eaten in the evenings, this snack is made with fish or meat doused with spices and then barbequed on a skewer.