Indonesia

Indonesia

Capital: Jakarta

Language: Indonesian

Location: Southeast Asia

Religion: Muslim

Population

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia. It has a population of more than 267 million people, which makes it the world's 4th most populated country. Indonesia is also the most populated Muslim-majority country.

Indonesia Landmarks

Ubud Monkey Forest

Krakatua Island

Prambanan Temple

Government

Indonesia is a democratic country, it applies a presidential system. Pancasila is the soul of the Indonesian democracy. Pancasila is the foundational philosophical theory of Indonesia. Pancasila consists of five principles:

  • Belief in one God
  • Just and civilized humanism
  • Unity of Indonesia
  • Citizenship lead by guidance born of representative consultation
  • Social justice for all the people of Indonesia

Also, Indonesia's freedom house score is 61, which means it's partly free.

Link: Indonesia Government

Leader

Joko Widodo is the current president of Indonesia. He is the 7th president of Indonesia, and he has been president since 2014. Joko is also the first Indonesian president who did not have a military background or belong to one of the country's famous political families.

Link: Joko Widodo

Economy

Indonesia's economy is ranked 12th among 42 countries in Asia–Pacific region. It has been climbing higher since 2017. GDP growth improved fast during the past five years.

Link: Indonesia economy

Food and Culture

Popular Indonesian food:

  • Satay

A dish of seasoned, skewered, and grilled meat that is served with many kinds of sauces, mostly peanut sauce.

  • Beef Rendang

Spicy meat dish traditionally served at ceremonial occasions. An online poll of 3500 people by CNN International, chose Beef Rendang as the most delicious food.

Important festivals

  • Nyepi

Nyepi is a Hindu celebration that is also celebrated as New Year's Day. It is a day for meditation and self reflection.

  • Bali Arts Festival

A celebration of art and Indonesian culture. It is full of performances, art exhibits, and dances.

Greetings

  • "Selamat pagi!" means "Good morning."
  • "Selamat malam!" means "Good evening."
  • "Selamat sore!" means "Good afternoon."

Selamat means peaceful and safe.

Satay

Exports and Resources

Indonesia's most important export goods are oil, gas, minerals, electrical appliances, and rubber products. However, Indonesia exports of goods and services, as a proportion of GDP, is low at 20%.

Indonesian Traditional Clothes

  • Batik shirts are for men. They can wear to at weddings or celebrations.
  • Kebaya is for women. They can wear it to formal events.

Batik Shirt

Kebaya

Ethnic Groups

Mostly Javanese and Sundanese, then there is Malay, Batak, Madurese, Betawi, Balinese, Acehnese, Native Indonesians, and some other ones.